The Casentino, with its National Park, is a land of chestnut trees. The most heavily forested valley in Tuscany, this enchanted place spotlights the historical relationship between human settlements and landscape.

Throughout the area, many villages are nestled in the woods, located in functional spots that are perfect for processing timber and coal or collecting underbrush. The valley retains the integrity of its landscape; it borders Romagna on one side and runs along the Arno River on the other, until the Poppi castle. This territory is also deeply linked to the Etruscan culture of Mount Falterona, a peak that is considered the sacred mother of the river, whose source springs from this area and runs throughout Tuscany.